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In English we use the prepositions of place “in”, “on”, “at”. Instead of them in altaian there are location affixes -ДА, -ТА, -ДО, -ТО, -ДӦ, ТӦ, -ДЕ, -ТЕ which we add to the noun or personal pronoun in order to show the location.

So, the locative case answers thе questions КАЙДА? (where), КАЧАН?(when), КЕМДЕ? (who has/who … at), НЕДЕ? (at what, on what, in what) showing the location. In altai language we also use the formula:
a person+location affix, for instance, адам (my father),
адамДА (at my father) the meaning is my father keeps or has something.

Add the location affixes -ДА, -ТА, -ДО, -ТО, -ДӦ, ТӦ, -ДЕ, -ТЕ to the noun or personal pronoun in order to form the locative case.

In case the verb base ends in a vowel or a voiced consonant (Й, Р, М, Л, Н, Ҥ) and the last syllable has hard vowels (а, у, ы), you should take the affix -ДА, but when you see the vowel (о) in the last syllable you should add -ДO.
Look at the examples: тураДА=in a house ,кырДА= in a mountain, айылДА= at home, майДА= in May, сарайДА=in a barn, АлтайДА=in Altai, МоскваДА=in Moscow, уулДА=a boy has/aboy keeps, ороДО=in a pit, олорДО=they have/they keep.

Add –ДЕ in case the verb base ends in a vowel or a voiced consonant (Й, Р, М, Л, Н, Ҥ) and the last syllable has soft vowels (е, и, ӱ), but when you see the vowel (ӧ) in the last syllable you should add -ДӦ. Examples: эҥирДЕ=in the evening, јерДЕ=on the ground, сенДЕ=you have/in you, тилДЕ=on the tongue, кейДЕ=in the air, тӱнДЕ=at night, тӧӧДӦ=on a camel, ӧлӧҥДӦ=on the grass, кӧлДӦ=in a lake.

In case the base of the verb ends in avoiceless consonant you add affixes beginning with voiceless consonants -ТА,-ТЕ,-ТО, -ТӦ. Examples: табакТА=in a tub, керепТЕ=on shipboard, айакТА=in a cup, тамакТА= in throat, чачТА=in the bangs, бичикТЕ=in a book, эрмекТЕ=in a sentence, очокТО=in the fireplace, ӧртӧкТӦ=duck has/in a duck, кӧсТӦ=inside the eye, кӧнӧкТӦ=in a pail.

Locative case. Test

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