You have learned from the post “the complex verbs, part 1” that in Altaian we use the participle imperfective as part of the complex verb in the present. Accordingly, the main verb is participle imperfective with the affix –П (-ип, -уп, etc), as in the following examples: келип јат – (he) is coming, барып јат – (he) is going, айдып јат – (he) sais/is saying, иштеп туру – (he) works, ойноп туру – (he) plays, кычырып јат(he) is reading, ӧзӱп јат(it) is growing.
Here we gave the auxiliary verbs only for the third person. But you know that an auxiliary verb changes its ending for each person.

Let’s continue studying the rules to form the main verb

Don’t be afraid of so many rules. You need to master a spoken language, you don’t have to dissert upon Altai grammar. Just remember that in complex verbs the main verb ends in [-п], and don’t worry what vowel comes before, your tongue itself will utter it. Some affixes sound very similar.
Now read aloud: кӱйӱп јаткӱйип јат (is burning), тудуп јат – тудып јат (holds). Do you distinguish them? Don’t you? Never mind! Be easy going about it.

In case the verb base ends in [Й] , the affix will be –ИП or –ЫП: ойыпmaking a hole, сойыпbutchering/peeling, чӧйипstretching/elongating, тойыпbeing full/glutting one’s appetite.
There is an exception for this rule: кӱйӱпburning down/being on fire.

In case there are long vowels in the verb base you should add affixes –ИП or –ЫП (not –ӰП, -УП): оодыпbreaking to pieces/crushing, соодыпcooling, куурыпroasting a grain, сӱӱнипbeing glad.

When there are soft vowels [е, и, ӱ, ӧ] in the base of disyllable or trisyllable verbs, you surely add the affix –ИП: јӱгӱрипrunning, кӧҥкӧрипturning over a vessel/inverting, кемирипgnawing a bone, кебелипsticking into, ӱренипlearning, тӧгӱнденипpretending to be/ being sly, ӧскӧлӧнип – changing, кӱлӱмзиренипsmiling.

When the verb base consists of two or more syllables with hard vowels [а, у, ы, о], the affix to add will be –ЫП: каткырыпlaughing, јунуныпhaving a wash/taking a bath, оптоныпshowing off/trifling, тоголоныпtumbling, ажаныпeating, чайнаныпchewing, токтодыпstopping smb or smth, шымыраныпwhispering.

Now it’s time for a task

1. Translate these verbs into altaian:
works, plays, writes, boils (cooks), loves, knows, studies, eats, goes, washes, reads, seats, pours, looks at.

2. Translate these sentences into English:
Мениҥ энем келип јат. Адам орын јарып јат. Айана картошко арчып јат. Катя кийим јунуп јат. Андрей стадиондо јӱгӱрип јат. Сӧзлик сумкада јадыры. Плащ илмекте туру.

Vocabulary you need:

кайнадып јатboils (cooks)
јарып јатchops/is chopping
арчып јатcleans/peels
кийим јунар – to do the laundry/to wash clothes
билерto know
илмекclothes rail
сумкаa bag
плащa rain coat
aдамmy father
Андрей, Катя, Айана – the names of people.